Month: September 2019

Long Exposure Photography Like a Pro

Anyone can learn to take long exposure photo so long as they have two things: a camera that allows you to manually set the shutter speed, and tripod stand on which you will place your camera to avoid movement.

Taking long exposure photography requires you to allow more light to gather at the sensor of the camera/film. Long exposure works best at night or whenever there are low lights. In order to produce amazing results, you need some patience to get thrilling images like milky waterfalls, sparkling lights and amazing traffic lights. Essentially, you are experimenting with your camera to determine how long the shutter takes to produce the desired effects.

The following are quick steps you can follow to do long exposure photography:

First set the tripod stand on which the camera will rest. This prevents the camera from moving and shaking because it will be tiresome to hold the camera with your hands steadily. If you find some images still blurry, it means that the camera moved when you were pressing the shutter. In that case, using a self-timer feature might help as it will automatically take the photo without you having to touch it immediately. A remote shutter release cable would be a recommended option to take the photo without touching the camera shutter release button directly.

Next, set the aperture to something like F11 because you want as much focus as possible. The ISO should also be kept at around 100 to 200 or to the lowest it can get. You should have attach the shutter release cable to the camera if it is not attached already.

Finally, focus on what you want to photograph and once you have taken the photo with the shutter release cable, release the button on the cable so that the camera knows that you are done with the photo taking.

As you can see, doing long exposure photography is not complicated so long as you can follow the right steps. It is worth noting that you may not achieve the right results the first time; hence, you need patience and perseverance to keep experimenting until you get the images you desire.

Accessories for the Canon EOS Cameras

Zoom telephoto lens

A zoom telephoto lens (up to 200mm) is a common feature of a top lens collection. Even though it is possible to get a great picture with a 24 to 105mm lens, the high focal telephoto lens is a must-have piece of equipment for the photographer taking the landscape photos. The better quality lens includes an image stabilization feature to help avoid issues with camera shake. They are also quite light in weight, which makes them easy to transport when on-the-go.

Memory Cards

A 2GB, 4GB, or 16GB memory card offers the ability to store and look at the picture shortly after taking it. It is simple to upgrade the memory card, but it is necessary to check the write-speed on the camera. This relates to the maximum speed for saving images to the camera. A high-quality image or photos shot in a burst can delay the time it takes to write the photos to the memory card. Also, the brand of card can impact quality and usable storage life. If a memory card seems to be slow to write or you are running out of space, upgrading the card is certain to increase the enjoyment of using the camera and viewing the pictures.

Battery Grip

A battery grip is a simple accessory which makes the camera easier to hold, especially for those with large hands. They offer three main advantages: more battery life, more buttons and another handle. By attaching the battery grip, you include an extra handle making it more comfortable to use and control the camera. Since the battery grips include extra battery life, they are able to extend the usable life of the camera by a significant margin.

Flash

A flash unit helps capture light in low light conditions to increase the potential range of photos. A high-end unit opens up endless opportunities to be more creative in the type of pictures taken and the preferred locations. A wireless flash is designed to illuminate a range of areas. This makes it possible to take photos from a variety of angles and improves the quality of the pictures.

High Speed Photography

For instance, if you want to capture a drop of water hitting the surface, you need to detect the precise time when the drop of water starts falling. The next step is to create a basic delay between the event and trigger. Last but not the least, you take a picture. There are two different methods of taking pictures via high-speed photography. In the first method, you use the shutter of a camera, and the other requires you to use an electronic flash.

Shutter Method

The shutter method offers a major advantage. It allows you to enjoy high-speed photography outdoors. You will also be able to completely illuminate the subject and its background. Since the shutter can be used to freeze the motion of your subject, it offers limited speed. Usually, the maximum speed of a shutter ranges between 1/4000 seconds to 1/8000 seconds. Thus, in some cases, fast moving objects may seem blurred.

In addition to this, there is also a basic delay between the actual exposure and shutter release. Depending on the type of camera, it can even be close to 100 milliseconds. Moreover, you could also experience basic variation in timing. Therefore, if you require high timing accuracy, you should not use this method.

Flash Method

This is the second method of high-speed photography. You can take the picture by simply opening the shutter of your camera, activating the electronic flash, and closing the shutter. However, you need to take the picture in a dark room. Since the room is dark, long exposure will not have a major effect on the final output. Flash light duration will become the actual time of exposure.

Better timing consistency and exposure speed are the primary advantages of the flash method. Electronic flashes can offer speed of 1/10,000 seconds or faster. If you lower the power of the flash, the flash duration will be shorter.

The lag between the flash strobe and trigger will be insignificant. However, there’s also a major disadvantage of this high-speed photography method. You can just use this method in a dark room. Moreover, it can also be difficult to offer uniform lighting or illuminate the background properly.

Get Great Results In Baby Photoshoot

If you are planning for a baby photoshoot, you need to know some factors that can greatly affect the results. You need to know some things that you can use as your guide in order to be successful in getting the best photos of your baby that you can surely cherish for the rest of your life. Below are some tips that expert baby photographers share.

  • Make sure that your baby is in good mood. If you want a picture of him or her smiling and enjoying his/her day, make sure that your baby has enough sleep so he/she can be playful in the photo session. If you want a picture of him/her sleeping comfortably, on the other hand, make sure that he/she is not hungry before sleeping and he/she does not feel so cold or so hot.
  • Bring your baby’s favourite toys in the photoshoot. This is great way for you baby to feel at ease and comfortable while in a photoshoot with places and people that’s new to him/her. You can either bring your baby’s stuffed toy, blanket or his/her favourite baby bottle.
  • Always be visible in your baby’s sight. This is also another way to making your baby feel comfortable and at ease. You can also bring with you his/her siblings especially if you are doing a playful photoshoot. This will encourage your baby to smile more and play more.
  • Bring comfortable clothes and shoes. As much as you want your baby to look good in the photos, your number one priority when it comes to the clothes and the shoes she/he will have to wear is comfort. It is even much better if you let your baby try the new clothes and shoes first at home before the photoshoot so he/she will be used to it and feel a lot more comfortable. Your baby’s comfort should always be your top priority.
  • Plan for the people you want to include in the shoot – especially if the baby cannot crawl or support its position yet. Having someone holding the baby up can make the photoshoot flow much faster and easier especially for the photographer.

Fun With Photos Special Effects

Photo Editing Applications

It was not long ago that the standard of cameras included with mobile phones was very basic and they produced very small and poor quality images. However, thanks to modern technological advancements the quality of cameras on mobile phones has increased exponentially and today some of the cameras on mobile phones are as good as buying a standalone digital camera. Of course with the improvement in mobile phone picture quality you will need to make sure that the photos that you want to keep and share look the best that they can. For this reason you will need a good photo editing app that will allow you to edit your photo so that you can remove unwanted wrinkles, blemishes and that annoying bystander in the background who is sticking their tongue out!

Adding Flourishes to your Photos

Photo editing used to be the preserve of professional photographers and was a lengthy process that required much skill and know-how and a powerful computer program. However, thanks to modern technology and advances in software and hardware, it has never been easier to add things to your photographs to make them more fun and more unique. As well as allowing you to edit photos by cropping the image or removing redeye, a lot of photo editing apps will allow you to add frames and filters to the photo. This is something that can completely change the way in which people will view your photos. Most photo editing software packages will allow you to add all kinds of different filters, such as sepia tints and frost or blurring effects. As for frames, they too come in a range of different styles and designs, ranging from a simple black frame to something a bit more zany, fun and colorful.

These photo editing apps come in various prices and it is not uncommon to find ones that you can download for free, although, they will probably be limited in the editing techniques that they offer. Paying for a photo editing app will give you more editing options and more control over the final look of your photograph.

First Boudoir Photography Session

No tanning. Absolutely do not tan before your photo shoot. Fake tans and tan lines will look bad in your photos. Post processing can’t always fix bad tan lines. Your skin will look beautiful in the final product, you don’t need a tan.

Don’t worry about a breakout. If you have a breakout before your shoot, don’t panic and think you need to cancel. A great make up artist and post processing can take care of these minor issues.

Don’t come in hungry. Most photography shoots last a few hours. Do have a light meal before your session so you don’t get hungry.

Don’t wear tight clothes. A few hours in that tight top is going to leave lines and marks on your skin. Wear something loose fitting in the hours leading up to your scheduled shoot.

Don’t bring anyone to your shoot. Husbands, boyfriends and children tend to get in the way and cause distractions. Most studios do not offer a waiting area. In most instances, bringing a girlfriend with you for support is allowed, but only one.

Don’t forget your nails. Your fingernails and toenails will show up in your photos. It is a great idea to schedule a manicure the day before your shoot.

Don’t neglect your hair. A few days before your shoot you should get your hair color touched up so you will look your best. This should be done at least two days before your shoot.

Don’t wear tiny jewelry. Small jewelry tends to fade into the photo and sometimes causes a distraction while big, chunky, sparkly jewelry looks best.

Don’t wear glitter. Glitter does not photograph well at all. In fact, it often shows up as little white spots and can ruin a great photo.

Don’t be afraid to ask questions. If you want full nude photos, just let your photographer know. Is there a certain pose, prop or outfit that will excite your husband? Tell your photographer, it can be done so that you have some special shots just for him.

Just relax. Boudoir shoots are fun and you are going to have a great time. Don’t worry about your imperfections, no one is perfect and men love us anyway. Proper posing and lighting done by your photographer will hide your worst assets and highlight your best. In the end, you’ll have a great set of photographs that will make you feel glamorous and sexy.

ISO Sensitivity

As photography means painting with the light, any photographer is in control of its composition (elements arrangement in the frame and even adding photo effects later or cropping it for a better result, for example) and exposure – when you press the shutter release you are just telling the camera to stay open for a certain amount of time and let a determined quantity of light in, reaching the camera sensor (digital) or film.

The exposure is controlled by 3 (three) adjustments we make in the camera: shutter speed, aperture and sensitivity. Shutter speed and aperture ultimately control how much light comes into the camera (we can compare this to a water tap – how much you open the valve and for how long will dictate the amount of water that will flow)… and how much light is needed for a certain exposure is determined by the sensitivity of the medium used (today it has been expressed as ISO numbers – and as ASA not so long ago).

In the digital cameras world today, we can find ISO ranges from as low as 50 up to 204,800, being the normal range placed somewhere between 200 and 1600. These numbers have some qualities associated with them: it sets the amount of light needed for a good exposure, and the lower the number, the more light is required, and as a consequence for a fixed aperture, a slow shutter speed will have to be used; and will influence the amount of noise in the image.

So, if you have lots of light (or have the camera mounted on a tripod), the lower the numbers you can set, and on the other hand, when you do not have lots of it or you need a faster shutter speed (for action and sports shots, for example), you will need to raise the ISO (and this is what the AUTOISO settings in your camera do: adjusts the ISO settings so you end up with the correct camera measured exposure for a given situation. You normally set the minimum and maximum range you want the camera to automatically adjust the ISO based on your acceptable quality and speed requirements).

It is worth knowing that each time you double the ISO (for example, from 100 to 200 or from 400 to 800), half of the light is needed for the same exposure, and vice-versa.

As we mentioned above, noise levels will also be influenced by the ISO settings, and the higher the number is, the more noise and visible grain an image will have. We normallywant the images to have the least amount of noise as possible.

Today, most digital cameras can make good quality images at ISOs up to 800 or 1600 and above, but several aspects affect this, from the sensor type a camera uses (for example, the size of the pixels used on the camera’s sensor, which are larger in SLRs compared to the compact ones. Larger pixels result in less noise and SLRs have larger sensors with larger pixels) to the amount and type of noise reduction algorithms and systems used in the cameras.

Importance of Understanding Light

However, I did go to a school that taught us all about shooting with strobes and flash and all manner of lighting situations. And I’m so glad I had that opportunity because it really helped me decide what I wanted to do and why. Even now – I continue to research and examine other ways to shoot. I think it’s incredibly important to know how to work in any situation… even if it’s not our ideal situation. And I did have one such instance occur when I am really glad I had the knowledge and means to still provide artwork for my client.

On a recent senior session, due to the start of the school year and some time delays on the day of her session – we ended up running out of daylight quicker than I expected. I was lucky enough to get to do the first portion of her session in the studio and then when we headed downtown we still had tons of daylight. I was able to use reflectors from the pavement and walls to get enough fill to create the images my clients know and love.

By the time we got to Rock Springs for the last portion of her session, the sun was starting to go down. I knew that I was going to need a little extra light to be able to get the sharp, crisp images I was wanting. So for these I had an assistant hold a simple video light about 45 degrees off to camera right. At this point we still had some nice ambient light so we just cranked the light all the way up and had my assistant stand way back to give it a little fill.

At the end of her session, it was pretty dark and the pine forest out at Rock Springs was even darker so this time I had my assistant stand at 30 degrees to camera left. This created some darker more dramatic shadows across Erin’s face. So the only light in this image is coming from my little video light. Then I had my assistant stand behind and to the right of my client and pointed our little video light down at the back of her head. This set up created an awesome hair light/back light/halo effect. By moving my assistant directly behind her, she ended up being completely silhouetted. Add a little flash to the shot and fire it directly at her to achieve a more glamorous look.

There are tons of other ways you can set up lighting to create really dynamic and impactful images, and I’m really pleased with what we were able to achieve with our simple lights at my client’s senior session. I still prefer natural light, but I love that I have the knowledge and equipment to be able to make a tricky situation work. Plus, I fully believe that if you’re hiring me as your professional photographer – it’s my responsibility to be able to work with whatever the day throws our direction. A little knowledge goes a long way!

About Picture Perfect Mechanisms

Most cameras which render digital photographs combine several aspects of light filters in its use. The most common elements that can be controlled by the photographer would be:

  • ISO which determines the aperture of exposure
  • Brightness which control the exposure of the subject with reference to backlights
  • White balance for the contrast
  • Shutter speed for time of exposure
  • Focus which determines the focal distance for a clear image of the subject and controls the level of blur

All these aspects can be found in any digital camera, however, in a DSLR, some of these options including zooming can be done manually.

Most digital cameras come in relatively cheap with respect to the extremely powerful cameras that are usually seen with professional photographers. However with a budget like 500 dollars, one can easily come up with a DSLR among the beginner’s range. These cameras are best for hobby photographing and can even hold up to panoramic views in the right settings.

Photography takes on an incredibly diverse subject field where the entirety of the job description depends on the experience of the photographer. The subject in focus should not be too outlandish with respect to background, and yet should not vanish in it either. The blends should be made perfect in the photograph’s raw form itself and not through any digital texturing software which can make the photograph look artificial. Most of the mathematics involved can now be done automatically by a DSLR using a variety of sensors.

Facts Aerial Photography

Actually, so grand have the modifications been that today, people have something called aerial photography to refer to. Although the entire technique seems to be specific for the modern society, it is worth knowing that this people made use of aerial photography in 1858. The first person to have taken photos from impressive heights was balloonist Gaspard-Félix Tournachon. If you want to get an idea of how aerial photos looked like back in the 1850s, then you could look at one of the vintage postcards, because this is how this technique functioned.

Of course today, things have changed greatly and photos taken in this manner, as well videos performed through aerial cinematography. Much has been invested in the development of the right technology and for good reason. It is truly surprising to see all the ways one can make use of aerial filming, as well cinematography. Here are a few examples of domains, which have a constant need for these techniques that will surely convince you of the fact that investing money in this direction is a very profitable plan. Aerial photos are relevant in the making of topographic maps, archeology, movies and commercial, even in the promotion of certain location for touristic purposes. Looking at the environmental concerns, which are increasing in number, it is relevant to mention that indeed aerial filming can be used in different related analysis. So far, anyone can tell that such photographing techniques are needed, making possible for several tasks to be handled appropriately. However, what might seem as a mystery to most is the actual manner in which these photos are taken. In some cases, this is performed by means of a highly equipped, professional camera, handled by an expert, situated in a plane. Still, there are some photos that present locations, which are impossible to enter by means of a plane. This certainly leads to the following question: how were these photos actually taken?

Well, at this point, you have to allow your imagination to fly, because this is what scientists did for a brief moment and came up with the following method. They have managed to develop plenty of platforms that can be used to take surprising pictures. Some are controlled drones. These are actually small devices on which a photo or filming camera is place, its mission being to enter some of the hardest to reach locations and take photos or make videos. Of course out of the many photos such a device can take, the photographer will start editing the pictures, to give them a proper professional appearance and the final result to be the expected one. Thanks to technology, the world has changed greatly and in some areas for the better. When it comes aerial photography and filming, much can be said, but the bottom line is that it can lead to spectacular results.