Category: Photography

Image Stabilization

Major techniques Involved

  • Optical. It is defined as a method used in a still or a video camera for stabilizing the recorded image by changing the optical path to the sensor. The fact that the optical stabilization systems stabilize the image projected on the sensor before the sensor transforms the same into digital information forms one of their basic elements.
  • Digital. Real-time digital image technique is mainly used for video cameras. This popular technique helps in shifting the electronic image from frame to frame of video, enough to neutralize the motion. It employs the pixels for providing a buffer for the motion. This technique minimizes disturbing vibrations from videos and enhances still image quality by enabling a person to increase the exposure time without affecting the image quality. This technique hardly influences the noise level of the image.
  • Stabilization filters. Most of the video non-linear editing systems make use of stabilization filters capable of correcting a non-stabilized image by keeping a track of the movement of pixels in the image and correcting the image by moving the frame.

Advantages of the technique

Blurry images are a major problem faced by a majority of photographers both amateurs and experienced ones. Blurriness usually arises by hand movements while capturing images. The problem is more common when a person uses digital cameras with slow shutter speeds or longer focal lengths.

This IS technique enables photographers to take excellent pictures under lighting conditions that once upon a time were considered too risky for capturing clear and sharp still images. The technique helps in capturing sharp pictures at shutter speeds three, four or five times less than the normal. With the introduction of this feature, amateur and experienced photographers would not have to worry about blurred images even while shooting in poor lighting conditions.

Battery consumption

Always keep in mind that the IS feature also consumes power. Turning it on for a longer time drains the battery. It is advisable to switch it on only when required.

These are some of the prominent facts about the technique one must be aware of. A detailed understanding of the feature will help you know your device properly. Almost all the advanced digital cameras hitting the market come equipped with this feature today. You can consider buying the image-stabilized devices via an online electronic store these days. In addition to these devices, you can also consider buying the new camera lenses from these stores.

Mirror Effect

The first thing you will need to do is upload the images to your computer. After that, you will need to open Photoshop and then access the images in it one by one. Once you have opened the first image, right-click on it and then click on the option that says ‘Duplicate Layer’ and then click on ‘OK’. At this point, you will have to drag the panel where the image is displayed and increase its size in order to create space for the mirror image under it. After that create a ‘New Guide’ by selecting the same from the menu option called ‘View’.

The value for ‘Orientation’ and ‘Position’ should be ‘Vertical’ and ‘50%’ respectively. Now, you should drag the main image to the left of the guide that has been created with the help of the ‘Move tool’. Now select the portion of the image that should be ‘mirrored’ and then place it into a new layer. Now, making sure that in the layers panel, the ‘Background copy’ option is selected, flip the duplicate layer by clicking on Transform> Flip Horizontal and then move the reversed image immediately below the original (must fit together perfectly).

To move the image, hold down the ‘Ctrl key’ on the keyboard while simultaneously pressing the left button of the mouse. Click on ‘Enter’ and then exit the Transform command for the changes to be effective. Apart from that, you will also need to click on the ‘View’ menu and then click on ‘Click Guides’ for removing the guide and getting the final image with mirror effect. The next step will be to save the image created on your computer. You can then access it and upload it to your website or social networking sites for creating innovative and appealing advertising campaigns.

About Photo Editing to Improve Photos

Photo editing is important if you want to have a collection of top quality images that you can be proud of. It can help you to touch up your photos, by sharpening the image, removing items that should not be in the picture, as well as helping you to restore old photographs.

A lot of people still have a lot of photographs that were taken on an old 35mm camera, however, these photos can also suffer from the ravages of time, and in order to restore them to their former glory used to require the services of a professional photo restorer. Thankfully, even the most basic of editing programs can help you to restore your photos back to their former glory.

All you need to do is to scan your old photographs onto your computer, and then use the features on the photo editor to breathe some new life into them. You will be able to brighten up dull pictures, whilst at the same time repairing and removing all traces of tears and blemishes.

As good as the free packages are, they can be limited in what they will allow you to do, so if you are looking to produce top quality saleable photographs, then you might want to pay the extra cash for a really top notch photo editing suite.

Hopefully, this article has given you some idea on how even the most basic of all photo editing apps can help you to attain a high quality image. Photography is an excellent hobby; however, all too often images can be ruined by poor lighting conditions, or simply by selecting the wrong camera settings. With a photo-editing app, you can eliminate all of the unwanted areas of an image, leaving you with a professional looking snapshot.

About Astro Photography

Ideally, you are going to want to get out of the city and into the country to avoid light pollution. The warm glow of the city lights tend to mask the true glory of the night sky, which I am sure that anyone who has spent time in rural areas will testify to. Coastal areas offer better visibility.

Aside from the post-processing, taking good shots of the Milky Way is also a matter of knowing just where in the heavens to point your camera. However, it is not needle in a haystack stuff, and you don’t have to be an expert astronomer, or understand which planet is which, or which star is part of which distant constellation, to be able to figure it out. Interpreting the celestial canvas is a matter of understanding the seasons, which dictates where the distant stars are in the night sky. If you really don’t care to learn this amazing science, and that is not big deal really, you can always download the a Stellarium, which will give you an idea of where to point your lens in the night sky. This will give you an idea of where to point the camera at a given time of year. For example, if you live in the northern hemisphere, you should point the camera up high into the night sky during winter and in the south during summer, where you will see Orion, etc and the wider Milky Way. In the Spring, the Milky Way is likely to be more on the western periphery of the night sky. During the autumn, you are most likely to see the Milky Way high above the western horizon

You will need a DSLR camera, as these tend to perform much more efficiently in low light conditions, picking up all sorts of data that we are barely able to see with the naked eye. The lens aperture is of fundamental importance. A wide open lens (say f/1.4 or f/2.8) will allow your camera to gather the most light, however, this will come at the cost of sharpness towards the edge of your images. An aperture of f/2.8 can produce acceptable results, but your really do need a lens of the highest quality to do so. Be careful not go stop too far back, to say f/11 or above. However, at f/4 there may be a possibility that the blurred effect can be more pleasing that the sharp effect of starts at that aperture size. Therefore, it can often be better to accept a little blurring as a more pleasing result. Prime lenses tend to offer the best quality; but that comes at a cost. They very often have a limited focal length which is not entirely suitable for the wide angle skyscapes you expect with astro-photography.

Focusing in the dark can be a troublesome business, but an important one. Achieving what is known as “hyperfocus” or “infinity focus” is the only way to ensure that as much of the scene is in focus as possible. However, this does not just mean just turning the focus ring to the widest setting – hyperfocal distance is actually just short of this. There is a way around this though; focusing on a torch or flash light placed around 50 ft away (or the distance to hyperfocus) can be just as effective as a more scientific method of determine the plum point on the focal ring. The second method would be to use live-view and zoom in (with digital zoom rather than optical zoom) and adjust the focal ring until the stars are sharp. In my experience, though, this is not always an accurate, or more to the point stress-free, way to focus on the stars.

When taking certain types of astro-photography, it is actually better not to capture any movement in the stars themselves. This means you are going to have to limit your exposure time. In my experience, limiting to 20 to 30 seconds will probably suffice. Of course, though, the close the stars are to the celestial pole, the shorter any movement will be, and vice versa. When looking straight to the north star, with a long focal length, you may even be able to extend the exposure to 90 seconds.

Manipulating ISO will also provide some control over both the number of stars in view and the quality of the image. These, unfortunately are conflicting goals. The more you crank up the ISO, the poorer the image quality will be. ISO’s of greater than 800 will show up noise, even when viewed at large scale. However, the benefits are that the camera is letting the light flood into the sensor, bringing out a number of distant stars that perhaps aren’t even visible to the naked eye.

Compose A Great Photo

Rule Of Thirds

Compose your photo using the rule of thirds. Divide the picture area in to nine squares. Supposing you are taking a photograph of a landscape then the top one-third should be of the horizon and the bottom two-thirds should be of the scenery closer to you. You can also use this to compose the picture of a person by placing them in the central two squares and the back ground in the rest of the area of the picture. If it is a river or mountain in the background then place the person in the right or left bottom two squares of the composition while the river or mountain is placed on the side in the background.

Golden Triangle

When there are strong diagonal elements in the subject, divide the scenery into three triangles. A right-angled triangle occupies one half of the photo with the leading edge of the triangle running from one corner of the picture area to the other. The other half of the picture frame is divided into two right triangles by drawing a line from one corner to the diagonal. This draws attention to the strong elements in the bottom half where the two triangles are present. The other half is devoted to the background like a dark sky or a misty mountain.

Leading and Converging Lines

Here you take some lines like a road, a pathway edged on both sides by trees, a bridge leading towards the other end and composing a photo by drawing in the viewer’s eyes into the different elements that you want to highlight. Diverging lines distract the viewer away from the photo. So, take care when composing these photos.

The Fibonacci Spiral or Golden Spiral

Arranging the photographic elements in a Fibonacci spiral dramatically leads the viewers into the vortex of the picture. Take a spiral staircase or a whorl of a snail or a leaf delicately curled up and you get an idea of how this picture can be composed.

About Glamour Photography

Who May Have a Glamour Photo

Everyone. This is the simple answer to this. The dream of having a mesmerizing picture does not need to remain a dream. With the latest technology and professional photographers that a studio can offer, it is possible for anyone to have a glamour shot. It is understandable that some clients who are not professional models may shy away in front of a camera. The deal here is not all about self-esteem. Even people with so much confidence in themselves are not comfortable in having a photoshoot because they do not know what to do in front of the lens. In this case, the success of capturing the best shot resides in the close collaboration of the client and the photographer.

What it Takes to Have a Glamour Image

As mentioned earlier, make up has a lot of importance here. To achieve sexy photos, the stylist will usually give a heavier powder and paint to your face to accentuate the eyes and lips. Compared to the standard make up, glamour shoot needs to be bolder and warmer where the eyes appear smokier. You may come with your favourite dresses and accessories or you may go semi nude to flaunt that body of yours. Lighting techniques are also of grave importance as it will help highlight the features of your face. However, keep in mind that these are just standards. Whether your picture will be cool or emotional will depend on your preference.

What to Do for an Unforgettable Photoshoot Experience

Glamour photography used be for commercial purposes like magazines, product brochure and so on. As times are changing, it is now popular for personal use as a keepsake. Look for a studio that can offer a professional team to guide you all the way until the end. The output is always the product of the cooperation of the client and the staff of the agency so make sure you secured a booking so they can prepare the set according to your taste. And most of all, trust in your sultry body and the Professional Photographers.

Licenses of Stock Photography

Royalty Free License

Royalty Free License is always referred to as RF. This is the most commonly used and affordable license for Stock Photography. Royalty Free licenses are the ones where in the buyer can use the image several times without paying for the image every time he uses. Instead he just needs to pay the license amount and the photo charge once and get done with the payment. The disadvantage of Royalty Free License is that these photos can be purchased by many buyers and are non exclusive. Royalty Free images are sold by file size. A high resolution version of an image with a large file size (such as 60 MB) would cost more than the low resolution version of the same image with a small file size (such as 1 MB).

Rights Managed License

Rights Managed License is referred to as RM. Rights Managed Licenses are those where the buyer needs to pay for every use of the photo. Also, the buyer has to pay according to the usage of the image. Each usage is calculated separately and an image is sold for a ‘single use’. A Rights Managed License gives exclusive, time-limited use of a stock image. Right Managed Licenses also include Model Release agreement. Even though Rights managed images are expensive to license, they offer protection against brand dilution and allow for larger print runs.

Extended / Enhanced License

Some Stock Photography companies allow you to purchase an Extended or Enhanced license that extends the permitted uses of a previously licensed work. The license extended is usually the Royalty Free License. Extended licenses give you the permission to “extend” upon the uses granted in the original license. These uses may include increasing the number of copies showing the image, use it for resale purposes, or allow for other methods of distribution and use. Uses vary from company to company, so be sure to read the licensing agreement in detail.

Photo Stamping

Photo stamping refers to adding particular signature, name or watermark to your desired photographs. No matter who you are and where you belong, it can be useful for everyone out there.

There are many applications and tools available in the virtual world which serves the facility of photo stamping without a hitch. You can add text directly to your previously captured photos or can even click a new picture with your Inbuilt Camera and designated stamp will be added automatically.

THE DILEMMA:

Going to a flashback in time, photography was not as simple as “smile and click”, as it is today. Back there camera’s took long hours to just get a single click. But in today’s era technology has become so well versed, right?

Not only clicking pictures have become easy, but playing and doing different stuff with pictures like photo stamping and editing can be done with an ease.

EXPLANATION AND USEFULNESS:

  1. Capture and Secure:
    To all the amateur and professional photographers out there, you can make the best and optimum use of photo stamping functionality because, in the sea of photography where 300 million photographs are uploaded every day, there is a high risk of your work being stolen away. You can easily break down this fear of yours by simply adding a stamped tag of your name or signature on your captured clicks recalled as Photo Stamping.
  2. Family Tagging:
    You love to tag your friends and family in pictures when you are outing somewhere at an exotic location. Then you can freely make the use of photo stamping to name tag everyone in your clicked photograph and share it on your profile socially.
  3. Add text or description to photos:
    A picture captured beautifully is worth adding few words to it for the sake of that moment. And, If you are someone who loves to insert descriptive text to the photos according to the background and moment, then photo stamping is just what you would be looking for all these years.
  4. Popularize your brand:
    Photo Stamping would be perfect for you to go viral overnight and make your brand popularized among your targeted audience. You might be wondering how! Right? Simply promote your brand through fervid Images socially by adding your own logo or brand name to it.
  5. Geotag it
    In case, if you are the one who loves to travel and make everlasting memories with every journey you take, Geotagging is the best bet for your Images. You can quickly add that alluring location of yours as a stamp on all of your Images captured during that Journey to rescue all your travel diaries and make them immortal
  6. Copyright with Logo
    With Photo Stamping, you can add a Copyright Trademarked Logo on your Images and then distribute it on the Internet. The best example for the same is Shutterstock. They copyright protect all of their Images so that no one can else use them and if anyone does, still all the credit goes to Shutterstock Brand only.

Consider When Retouching A Photo

Avoid Relying On Tutorials

While you will learn a thing or two on how to retouch a photo by reading tutorials, you should avoid relying on them as the photo retouching tools change every now and then. The best way of going about it is ensuring that you fully understand a program before you work with it. This way you will be able to retouch a photo even if you don’t have the tutorial with you.

Be Cautious Of Curves

“Curves” is a very powerful tool in photo editing. If you are a beginner you should be very cautious of how use it. If you don’t have any experience with the tool you should consider turning the blend mode to luminosity in order to prevent the curve from impacting the color and skin tones.

Ensure the Eyes Are Sparkling

For the photo to have a perfect finish you should retouch the eyes and ensure that they are sparkling. One of the best tools to use in getting the sparkling eyes is the Eye Doctor actions. As rule of thumb you should avoid overusing the tool in order to prevent the eyes from looking fake.

These are tips on how to retouch a photo. When doing the retouch work always ensure that you sharpen the images so that all the necessary details are visible. Always remember that sharpening isn’t a one size fit all; therefore, you need to experiment with different tools until you get a perfect finish.

 

Great Tulip Photos

Consider Your Point of View

One of the characteristics that makes an image strong is when it presents a scene in a way that we don’t normally get to see it. As you walk through life each day, you see EVERYTHING, for the most part, at eye level. As beautiful as a Tulip may be, if you photograph it from your normal standing position, it will look like every other Tulip you have seen over the years. Beautiful?… yes, Unique or interesting?… probably not so much.

Look to present Tulips in a way they are not usually seen. When was the last time you got down on your belly on a nice day and gazed upward at the flowers? Maybe never, right? By gaining a different perspective than what you are used to seeing, the image now possesses the unique and interesting factor that makes it visually appealing.

Notice Your Backgrounds

If you happen upon a scene that contains a field of Tulips as far as the eye can see, or one where there’s a glorious mountain or sunset as the backdrop, well then you’re pretty much golden to start shooting away. However, for the other 99% of the time, you will be faced with less than glorious surroundings. This is when it is important to manage the scene. Even the most dazzling flowers will not be as appealing when you see parked cars, campers, stores, etc. behind them. Unless the background elements support your photograph, they should not be included.

There are several ways in which you can remove distractions from your background. One is by simply walking around your scene and finding a vantage point in which the less than desirable background elements are not visible. An example of this might be to shoot upward from a very low vantage point. By using the sky as the backdrop, you have avoided any existing distractions that may have been there. In addition to getting down low, you can attempt to photograph the flowers close up with a tight crop. Any items that may have been behind our floral subjects are nowhere to be seen and the focus of the image is on only the Tulips.

Use Depth of Field to Your Advantage

Depth of Field (or DOF), is basically the distance between the nearest and farthest elements in a photograph that appear sufficiently sharp in focus. When an image has a large depth of field, most elements in the scene from front to back will be in sharp focus. If an image has a shallow depth of field, the subject of the photograph will be sharp, while elements in front or behind it will be out of focus.

Controlling DOF can be a very powerful tool in creating strong images. Let’s go back to the previous tip, regarding backgrounds, for example. In addition to the strategies we discussed for removing distracting background elements, you could also use depth of field to your advantage. By throwing a background element out of focus, you will draw less attention to it.

Manipulating the depth of field can really assist in producing a strong and dynamic image. For example, with an out of focus foreground and background, you can keep the attention on a single Tulip just by keeping it sharply focused.

Controlling the depth of field is a technique that deserves its own article. In short, however, there are a few ways of achieving it. One of the most common ways is to use a large aperture (lower f-stop number) for shallow depth of field and a small aperture (higher f-stop number) for greater depth of field. This means you will have to get yourself out of the automatic setting and choose either manual mode or Aperture Priority mode on your camera.