Digital Photography Techniques
Some basic ideas will help you be a successful digital photographer. Often, beginners are advised to use a technique called “compose in thirds”. To do this, you must imagine four lines, two horizontal and two vertical, like placing a tic-tac-toe board across the image. The idea is to line your main subject with one of the intersections and not place them in the center. For other photos, placing the focus in the center of the imaginary grid results in a perfect photo.
Another technique used in digital photography is to keep your camera steady. Otherwise, you will end up with a blurry image. Holding the camera correctly is the simplest way to prevent shakes which is holding it with both hands. Although this might seem obvious, many new photographers fail to realize that this is what is needed to increase stability. A tripod or monopod can also be useful tools. Another way of preventing blurriness is to match the shutter speed to the lens’ focal strength. For example, a 100 mm lens should be matched with a minimum shutter speed of 1/1000th of a second.
The Sunny 16 rule is an important one for shooting outdoors. It aids the photographer in predicting the camera’s meter in bright conditions. For a camera with ISO 100, an f/16 aperture and 1/100 shutter speed must be used. According to the rule, for a camera with ISO 125, set the aperture to f/16 and the shutter speed to 1/125. The lower part of the fraction in the shutter speed will match the ISO of the camera with f/16 always used as the aperture. The Sunny 16 rule is an especially important technique for those using cameras without an LCD display.
When you are ready to take your digital photography skills to the next level, a polarizing filter for the camera lens will be a good investment. It reduces reflections on the lens that can come from metal, glass or water and also enhances the colors of the sky. The filter also protects your camera, particularly if you like to take photographs outside.
Landscapes are a popular type of subject for photographers and can be improved if you try to create a sense of depth. To use this technique, you will need a wide-angle lens that is made for taking panoramic shots. Also, using a small aperture of f/16 will help to add sharpness to the background and foreground.
To increase the light for indoor shots, increase the camera’s ISO to between 800 and 1600 and use its widest aperture setting. This allows the light to reach the sensor easier so that the background will be blurred. For outdoor photos, don’t use the flash at all.
For taking action shots, the panning technique is an essential one, especially for beginners. Adjusting the shutter speed lower than two steps will help you more effectively capture a moving subject. That means for 1/250, adjust to 1/60. You can also use a tripod or monopod to stabilize your shot and create a better output.