Old photographs that have not been printed on archival paper would tend to fade over time and even start losing portions of the images due to discolouring. Restoring such photographs by scanning them with a professional digital scanner and then recovering the faded areas, will ensure that these original photographs are now digitally preserved for future generations.
Two very important factors to consider is to use a high quality, professional scanner that ensures you scan to at least 300dpi in order to ensure that the images would be good enough to print. A second factor to take into account is the use a high quality photo editing tool such as Photoshop in the editing and restoring process.
The photo editing tool should at a bare minimum have the capability of removing faded areas, remove any colour casts, as well as be able to make use of content awareness in the removal and correction of scratch and stained areas in the photographs.
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Camera cleaning mode
Most digital cameras have a sensor cleaning mode and this is what you should always try first before going for any other type of cleaning. You should remove the lens and then aim your camera downwards when engaging the cleaning mode. This way, dislodged dust and dirt will fall out easily. The sensor cleaning mode is sometimes all you need to have a clean sensor, but you might need to employ other cleaning options if this does not yield the results that you expect.
Bulb blowers make other very good tools to help you clean the camera sensor. Choose larger blowers to get rid of dust from the sensor, but never ever use air that is compressed and canned on the sensor because your risk fluid damage. When using the blower, point the camera downward to the ground so the dust can fall off the camera. The blowers use clean air paths ensuring that blown dust doesn’t get sucked back and re-deposited
Choose a subject
Ask a close friend or family member to be your model for this scary shot, and set up a camera on a tripod. Firstly, take a photo of a room which can be used as the background in the completed image. Making sure that you don’t move the camera and without adjusting the settings, ask your model to position themselves in front of the camera in the same room where you took your background image. You will need to take a photo of your model on a prop that provides a raised surface from the ground to give the impression that they are levitating. A ladder, table or chair will provide you with the effect you need, but ensure safety precautions are taken at all times, and help your model on and off the platform. Make sure that you don’t move the camera when you are taking the photograph.
Make use of photo editing software
Using a photo editing program of your choice, load your digital
HOLD YOUR HORSES
How cool is it to learn of taking good photos? Which, is really not too difficult to get started… you do not need an expensive camera either. All you need is a good eye, and planning the shot before taking the photo.
Let me get started with something called “snapshot” and “composed shot”. Most people will causally whip out their camera, and just take a photo of what they see. Good photographers don’t just do that. They plan and design the photo before they take a shot – a “composed shot”.
You, my dear reader, if you want to take better photos, you have to learn to design your photo before going trigger happy. Don’t worry, it’s not rocket science. At the very basic, you have to learn to look out for 3 basic things – colors, lines and shapes.
Since the dawn of time, we can all agree on one thing. We humans are attracted to colorful things, and we react differently to colors. I shall not go deep into the study of colors here, which will end up in a tearfully long and
Light Painting Techniques
By reducing the shutter speed on your camera and using it in a night setting along with a flashlight, you can create some really interesting and cool special effects.
Simply wave the flashlight around, aiming it at the of the photograph, as well as occasionally aiming it directly at the camera lens. What you will end up with will appear as if the light is painted throughout the photo.
Light Drawing Techniques
Light drawing is similar to light painting, but differs because the design is more specific.
Keep the camera about fifteen feet away from the subject and set the shutter speed to around 30 seconds. Using a flashlight, or other light source, begin making your pattern or design.
If you are drawing something simple such as a basic shape, you may wish to go over the pattern several times. If it is more complicated, stick to going over the pattern only one time fairly slowly to get the desired effect.
Using Flash Stencils in Photography
Using a flash stencil in your photos will give you a cool special effect. For this, you
Here are the main features of Lytro that photographers might find interesting.
- The Light Field Sensor is a micro-lens with a digital image sensor. This is what helps produce good light direction, intensity and color. It helps define a photo.
- Its 8x optical zoom with constant f/2 lens allows anyone to create photos with good details. With this feature, it is easy to take capture scenes as they happen without worrying about distance.
- The Lytro has two modes of shooting,
- Everyday Mode is ideal for those who want to stick with the basic point-and-shoot function of a camera. All that one needs to do is point the camera to the scene and then shoot. Refocusing can be done later.
- Creative Mode is best for people who want to experiment and explore their imagination. In this mode, a user has more control, particularly in terms of the blur. For example, the camera can be refocused closer to the scene so that the photographer can aim it on the subject or area he or she wants to highlight. This can be done while one takes the shot so that lesser refocusing will be required later on.
This mode is perfect for those who want
The question is no less important when you start thinking of working for yourself as a photographer, but unfortunately there is no easy formula available to calculate your fees. There are however a number of factors that you have to take into account.
You will need professional quality equipment, and you need to factor in the cost of initial purchase and the cost of eventual replacement or upgrading.
Your premises costs affect your charges: rent, utilities, cleaning are just some of the charges you’ll need to meet. Even if you work from home, there are basic costs like phone and electricity bills that you need to cover.
There is then the real question, which is how much profit a photographer should be making. There are three key factors here: the rate currently being charged by photographers in your area (either geographical or professional specialty), your reputation and how much you want the work.
When you are starting out, you need to be mindful of the rates being charged by other photographers in your area. Unless these photographers are rank amateurs, producing low quality work, your charges need to be similar to theirs. The simple
Don’t Be Afraid To Break The Boundaries
One of the most common mistakes amongst beginner photographers (and not only!) is that they are afraid of breaking the patterns, of trying something new and revolutionary, something no other photographer has tried in the past. It is OK to be different, and remember the thumb rule when it comes to photography: you can break all the rules of photography, as long as the final result is outstanding!
Use Tricks In Your Best Interest
Every photographer, regardless of how good he is uses tricks and photo editing programs to enhance the quality of his images. Trick photography is a great way to take pictures on a budget, as you do not need to invest in heavy equipment nor do you need a certain environment to take a unique shot that can make history. Photo editing programs, on the other hand, are widely used all over the world – from correcting skin flaws to adding a touch of color to clouds or a lightning, these programs are truly amazing and they can help you.
Become Familiar With Shutter Speeds
In a nutshell, there are two types of
Resizing Your Photos
Aside from editing flaws, you can also use online image editing software to help to resize your images. Sometimes when a photo had been snapped, there is a lot of unnecessary scenery in the background. By resizing the image you can simply remove this. Also, of course there are strict size regulations in place for some profile pictures on the internet, and banners and images for promotional items require that a document is printed at a certain size. By using software to change the size, you can easily make sure that your photos comply with the regulations that are in place.
Sometimes you may have taken a great photo, but have captured it upside down, or in a manner where it would look better if it was rotated. Software on the internet will allow you to be able to rotate the image, turning it around to blend in with your requirements. Photo editing software will help you to be able to do just this.
The examples in this article where photo editing software can be used to your advantage are just a few. The list is really endless and could go
Decide on camera position.
When photographing an interior, do you do that with the eyes of the visitor or user of a space or the designer? A designer may want you to give an overview of the interior to enable him to explain the layout of the place. The camera standpoint is that much higher than that of a visitor. For a good coverage you may want to do both.
When positioning the camera, use a sturdy tripod with good leveling possibilities. You will find that the so called ‘ball-head’ tripods used for flexible positioning are far from ideal for this type of work. Better is to use a tripod head where you can adjust every dimension independently. The build-in leveling device will give you a good starting point. Look for walking patterns and view lines in the interior. Make sure that the vertical lines remain vertical, in a way that walls don’t fall and furniture doesn’t look pear shaped. Try to realise that when transforming a 3-dimensional space into a flat 2 dimensional image, the picture needs to be pleasing to the eye. So look for classic diagonal view lines and try to implement the